Various Types of Acehnese Hand-woven (Tenun)

Weaving and embroidery have long been part of Aceh's traditional textile industry, which dates back to the "golden era' of Sultan Iskandar Muda. During his reign, trade flourished with Islamic countries like Turkey and Persia.

Various Types of Acehnese Hand-woven (Tenun)

Weaving was one of the original craft area that needs to be constantly dug, preserved and expanded. Currently Weaving is not only used as part of the completeness of customs, but has evolved into a fashion. This craft is very potential to be widely developed and commercial because it is the product of a culture that has a style and design that is unique and interesting. The craft of weaving also requires adjustments to the tastes of the community now, especially in terms of motif and model. The development of weaving in Aceh has also experienced a very rapid progression in the presence of 2 (two) types of weaving that developed at this time are:

Tenun Songket

Acehnese hand-woven songket was one of the original craft of Aceh needs to be preserved and developed. Development of acehnese hand-woven songket widely in addition can be used as a source of income for the people of Aceh, it can also make a tool to introduce Aceh, Indonesia in general and in particular to the international world. Acehnese hand-woven songket industries can be found in several districts/cities in Aceh, including Siem and Miruk Taman, Great Aceh, Aceh Jaya, West Aceh, East Aceh, Aceh Tamiang and South Aceh by sharing the characteristic motifs of each region. Songket weaving consists of woven songket cotton and silk.
Source: Dekranasda Aceh
Both types of woven songket have similarities like using gold thread and the difference is woven songket cotton using cotton thread and gold thread, while the weaving of silk threads using songket silk and gold thread. Woven songket Aceh has many motifs of which are motifs Bu ngong Gasing, Bungong Rante Lhe, Bungong Kala, Bungong Reudeup, Pucok Reubong, Rante Meulapeh, etc. It also has a lot of colors that can be customized to the desires of consumers.

Tenun Alat Tenun Bukan Mesin (ATBM) or Loom machines (handloom)

Handloom is a process or activity to weave cloth using the tool machine weaving looms, controlled manually by a craftsman through his power source, not using machinery or electricity.

There are several steps that are guaranteed to produce a hand loom woven fabric namely; degumming, mengelos, menghani, memalet, menyucuk, weave.
Source: Dekranasda Aceh
The weavers normally produces woven 5 m/day or 150 m within 30 working days. The resulting fabric width varies between 70 cm to 115 cm until the shawl for a shirt or sarong material.
Source: Dekranasda Aceh
Tools for creating motif on fabric can use dobby or jacquard, with this tool, the variations of the motif can be designed to wake up as we want. This type of fabric is produced, namely cotton fabrics and silk, while his motives are varied and can be tailored to the desires of consumers.

If you want to know more about this topic, you should read an article published, which, by the way, was written by a very promising and popular acehnese songket lovers's blog -> I Love Songket Aceh

Thanks for visiting Various Types of Acehnese Hand-woven (Tenun) article. I hope things will get interesting going forward…


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